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Paul Gauguin once brazenly claimed that he inspired Van Gogh to create the Sunflowers. This is patently untrue, since the still lifes were painted two months before Gauguin’s arrival at the Yellow House in Arles. The self-serving Gauguin wanted to claim credit for his colleague’s “signature” works.
Gauguin’s boast comes in a letter to his Paris-based friend André Fontainas, to whom he sent his 1902 manuscriptRacontars de Rapin (Tales). This 28-page unpublished article was written in the Marquesan islands in French Polynesia. Yesterday (30 November) The Art Newspaper reported that the manuscript has just been acquired by London’s Courtauld Gallery.
In Tales, Gauguin lists 40 artists he admires. Van Gogh is included at the very end of the list, although nothing more is said about him, despite the fact that Gauguin lived and worked with him for nine weeks in the autumn of 1888. Their collaboration came to an abrupt end when Van Gogh mutilated his ear.
In his letter to Fontainas, dated September 1902, Gauguin wrote that on his arrival in Arles, “following my advice and my instructions, he [Van Gogh] worked quite differently”—painting “yellow sunflowers on a yellow background”. This was a complete distortion of the truth: Van Gogh’s Sunflowers (August 1888) was actually hanging in Gauguin’s bedroom when he arrived.
Gauguin also claimed that it was he who encouraged Van Gogh to experiment, utilising the Dutchman’s “intelligence and fiery temperament”. In conclusion, Gauguin wrote that when discussing Van Gogh’s “noble nature I am forced to praise myself”.
The year before writing Tales, Gauguin painted a series of four still lifes with sunflowers. On three of these, the flowers are placed on chairs, which represent a nod to the Dutchman’s painting Van Gogh’s Chair (December 1888), now at London’s National Gallery.
When Gauguin painted his 1901 still lifes with sunflowers, they might be seen as representing a homage to Van Gogh. But bearing in mind his claims to Fontainas, it seems equally likely that he was appropriating his colleague’s famed motif. Gauguin may have wanted to add visual credence to his claim that he had provided Van Gogh’s inspiration.
Gauguin’s attempt was doomed to failure. Van Gogh’s series of Sunflowers is now universally recognised as his most popular paintings—and as all his very own work.
Other Van Gogh news:
Monique Hageman, a research assistant at the Van Gogh Museum since 1986, has given a rare lithograph of the artist’s Old Man drinking Coffee (autumn 1882) to her institution. This represents an act of huge generosity. Hageman bought the print on 10 May at the Leiden-based Burgersdijk & Niermans auction house, paying €275,000. It will eventually be bequeathed to the museum.
The museum already owns the two other extant examples of Old Man drinking Coffee (each was finished by the artist’s hand and is slightly different). All three lithographs went on display yesterday at the Amsterdam museum, until early in the new year.